How to solve urban diseases with wisdom?
A few days ago, the heavy rain in Henan touched the hearts of thousands of people. Due to heavy rain, the city was closed for typhoon fireworks. The shared bikes could not be unlocked and the taxi dispatching software could not be used due to the network interruption. Many areas of the road water, urban traffic has been seriously affected. Production is happening because of the reduction of water and electricity. Activity stagnated in various regions; Restaurants closed, take-away platform no food to eat, many residents "no food to eat"......
One embarrassing detail was that cash was replaced by catering payments, which had to be paid in cash until the Internet was restored, and many residents did not have cash with them, making it difficult to shop or even check out.
The dangers of natural harm cannot be accurately predicted or resisted. Extreme weather testing also needs to identify many weaknesses in urban construction and governance.
The development of a city is a process of exploration and adaptation. In addition to the urban problems accidentally exposed by the heavy rain, there is also the COVID-19 outbreak that occurred last year and continues to this day. A series of "urban" and "disease" problems related to population, environment and resources are increasingly prominent. Years ago, the country adopted the construction of "smart cities" as its overall urban development strategy to build modern cities that are more livable and competitive. So what does your vision for smart cities accomplish so far? What changes and opportunities did the social production environment bring? As the backbone of Internet giants, smart transportation, smart government affairs, as well as providing life services for smart people, what is the layout of the enterprise?
Solving urban diseases with Wisdom: From "chimney type" to "intensive type" transformation
"Cities are the products of human civilization. It shows all the achievements and failures of man. We shaped the city, and the city shaped us." British scholar John Reed talks about cities. Give a conceptual explanation, such as city and life. Our relationship in the city.
We made cities, but we didn't make them perfect. Urban infrastructure, government services, people's livelihood services, ecological livable, industrial economy and other aspects should be repeated with the development of the city to meet the growing needs of urban residents.
In terms of transportation, many cities face problems such as long commutes and heavy traffic congestion. According to zhaolian recruitment survey, the average commuting time of Beijing's salarymen exceeds 90 minutes a day, which is a waste of time. Economic loss.
In the aspect of government service, the phenomenon of "information island" of residents is significant, and the efficiency of government service is declining. In the financial industry, illegal activities such as money laundering are difficult to eradicate because details of transactions cannot be traced.
In the aspect of government service, the phenomenon of "information island" of residents is prominent, which leads to low efficiency of government service. In finance, illegal activities such as money laundering are difficult to eradicate because the details of the transactions are untraceable.
The problems exposed in the development reflect the vulnerability of cities, and the "urban disease" is already affecting the life and work of urban residents.
The root cause of the problem of "urban disease" is the "smokestack" development model of the city, which is mainly reflected in the insufficient connectivity between information, forming the "island effect", leading to the failure to get through the cross-border data, and the lack of unified decision-making and control center. The smart city is to repair the defects of the "smokestack" urban system mode and make the city develop toward the "intensive" direction.
In 2011, China's urbanization rate exceeded 50? The urban population officially exceeds the rural population. Therefore, for the country, the construction of smart cities is the main means to benefit the people.
In terms of policy, the country has long paid attention to smart cities. In 2013, the Asian Development Bank announced that it would provide over 80 billion yuan of investment and financing over three years to support the construction of smart cities. From 2013 to 2014, China's Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development launched three batches of smart city pilot lists, a total of 290 smart city pilot lists.
The industry around the smart city vision is slowly developing with policy support, opening the window for many companies involved in the revolution to break the growth bottleneck. The integration of government services and intelligent upgrading of infrastructure have created new demands for TO G services.
The strong demand for smart cities has driven the positive development of the enterprise service sector. According to iMedia, the global smart city market is expected to reach $308 billion in 2018 and $717.2 billion in 2023.
According to a report by the Institute of Information and Communication, the total investment in smart cities in 2019 was about 1.7 trillion yuan, accounting for 3.1% of the national fixed asset investment. Such a big cake has fascinated many enterprises. According to the Visualize APP, there are more than 30,000 smart city-related enterprises.
On July 16, the national carbon emission trading market was officially launched, and then the first batch of trading began. Under the background of "carbon peak" and "carbon neutral" as policy objectives, the coordination of "green" with "digital" and "intelligent" has become the main melody of the 14th Five-Year Plan.
From the perspective of demand, policy orientation is injecting power into the demand side of smart city, and smart city related industries will also achieve rapid growth.
On the other hand, the domestic Internet giants are in the unwilling competition in every field. This internal friction does not improve overall social welfare. Therefore, from the perspective of the supply side, smart cities will open a new blue ocean for enterprises, and the results of smart cities will be fed back to smart service providers in the future, empowering other industries.
DT era has come, smart city opens a new blue ocean of enterprise service
The essence of smart cities is to replace cities with "new infrastructure". This complex system has four layers: the perception layer, the network layer, the platform layer and the application layer.
The perception layer is the "feel" of the smart city and is used for monitoring and collecting information. Use sensor technology to embed sensors such as mobile devices, RFID, GS, GPS and video capture devices in every corner of the city. Network layer 5G is the smart city nervous system responsible for the efficient transmission of information, including the Internet, the Internet of Things and other technologies.
The platform layer is the "brain" of information collection, which completes intelligent processing and distribution of information and data. The application layer is the "limbs", responsible for the implementation of emergency command, environmental traffic, urban safety and other specific solutions. And digital logistics.
At present, many enterprises are scattered at all levels, forming a huge smart city industrial chain. According to the smile curve principle, the Internet giants with the most competitive advantage and discourse power are those with perceived advantage.
"Humanity is moving from the IT era to the DT era," Alibaba Group founder Jack Ma once shared at a big data industry promotion conference in Beijing. DT, Data Technology.
The positive development of big data technology is helping to make behavioral decisions based on scientific data analysis. The judgment of consumer behavior can transfer the predictive power of product sales to the field of smart city and become the perception needed for smart services.
For example, the Ulysses Group of the United States can use GPS telematics to control and manage the world's 15 billion vehicles and obtain real-time location information of these vehicles, making it an ideal data resource for intelligent transportation systems. Domestic Diddy is the only leader in the field of travel, and its massive travel data also gives it an advantage in the competition of intelligent transportation.
"It's a revolution," says Gary King, a professor of sociology at Harvard. The vast amount of data resources has started the process of quantification in all fields, from academia to business to government. You can see that process beginning." Data is ubiquitous in all industries and business intelligence fields today and is an important factor of production resource.
But perhaps the biggest problem right now is not the absence of data, but the failure to use it -- the failure to find the answers needed to build smart cities. Perhaps more important than data volume is the ability to exploit the value of big data through the promotion of DT technology.
Human value mining and the full use of vast amounts of data promise a new wave of productivity gains and consumer surplus.
It's not hard to guess that having traffic and data in a particular vertical is a ticket to the DT race, so the Internet giants with enough traffic have a first-mover advantage. After all, without traffic, startups will have more trouble overtaking cars.
However, the benefits of data are not only reflected in traffic, but also e-commerce business data is very unified, traffic data is big data, cloud computing, AI, IoT, etc. Data can only be "replicated" through substantial innovation. Therefore, baidu, Alibaba, Huawei and other giants of the competition, from traffic to DT technology.
Internet giants exhibit strengths, ping an can bend overtaking?
At present, in addition to tech giants such as Alibaba, Huawei and Baidu, there are also leaders in the smart city field, such as ping An Group in the financial industry. Several companies have achieved remarkable results based on their own interests.
Alibaba's "ET City Brain" project was launched in Hangzhou in 2016, focusing on the field of transportation. The 3.0 version of "ET City Brain" is a new infrastructure of Hangzhou, emphasizing the importance of cities. Public resources. Focus on hangzhou's perception ability of intelligent and deep integration of factor data.
Waari is also the established Internet giant Baidu. In 2016, with its unique artificial intelligence, data and ecological advantages, Waari provided the "Baidu City Brain" solution. Baidu designed an urban brain architecture of "1 (perception center) +2 (data center and AI center) +1 (intelligent interaction Center)" around the core system of urban governance. with
Different from Alibaba's city brain, Baidu pays special attention to the application of AI technology and has installed a special AI center between the perception center and the interaction center. Perhaps AI will become an important part of Baidu. Smart city. Brand.
Huawei's communication solution combines the advantages of network hardware and software. While these technologies are generally not as powerful as C's consumer electronics business, Huawei's technologies cover cloud, pipeline, terminal, PaaS, and SaaS. The only full-stack solution manufacturer in the industry, it has provided smart city solutions to more than 40 countries worldwide. Therefore, Huawei's advantage lies in its comprehensive technology and relatively high market share.
Ping an Liquor started from the insurance business, and actively tried and developed in many fields. For example, Ping An's Ping An Good Doctor has occupied a niche in the consumer business in TO C healthcare and has the opportunity to strengthen the digital transformation of healthcare.
In the field of smart city, Ping An will integrate expert resources in risk management, finance, finance and other aspects, build a "smart finance" platform, provide service support, and help the construction and growth of shenzhen's financial informatization. The current market for enterprise services is not to be underestimated. The unicorn.
"Smart finance" platforms may just be a ticket to peace. Perhaps the biggest advantage of Ping An is that it takes Shenzhen as a "testing ground" for smart cities, accumulating "Shenzhen experience" and changing from "1" to "1". The "Shenzhen Experience" has expanded to more cities.
Some of the companies mentioned above are just a few of the big companies focused on the smart city business layout. Giant competition is still hard to distinguish from competitors, but the original intention of building wisdom is clear: the premise of this complex project as a city is to build a more livable city, and the production environment must be "people-focused."